Words of Life
1. Justification: Not Guilty!
Romans 3: 24 - 28
We are beginning today a study of some of the wonderful words of the Bible. If you take your Bible and begin to read through it, especially the NT, you will soon discover there are some words that are of such crucial importance, that if you understand what those words mean, you understand what the Bible is teaching. They are so important that if you don’t understand what those key words mean, then you have missed the whole message of the Bible itself.
We are going to be looking at 6 of the key words of the Christian life. These are not the small words - 6 of the big words of the Christian life - words that we tend to read and if we don’t understand them, we just skip over them - justification, propitiation, redemption, reconciliation, regeneration and adoption. Those 6 words are going to lead us back to the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. It is important to take some time to study these key words for 3 reasons:
1. Today’s Christianity is fearfully biblically illiterate.
All the surveys reveal the same thing. The evangelical church today basically values experience over Bible doctrine. All too often today if we have to make a decision between an emotional experience and standing on Bible doctrine, we are swayed by an emotional experience instead of by the clear teaching of the Bible.
2. Untaught Christians face grave temptations.
Those Christians who are not taught in the truth of the Word of God face more temptations and succumb easier and faster to temptation because they don’t know what the Bible says.
3. Sound teaching produces strong Christians.
That is why the Apostle Paul, writing in the New Testament, always begins with Bible doctrine. He does it in Colossians, in Philippians, in Romans, in Ephesians, and in 1 Corinthians. Then he takes the Bible doctrine and applies it to life.
So we are going to go back to the Bible to look at some of the great doctrines of the Bible. I trust that we will become stronger Christians as a result. The first key word that we are going to look at is justification.
All Christians agree that the doctrine of justification is a central doctrine of the Christian faith. Martin Luther called justification “the cornerstone of Christianity.” If you understand church history, you know that justification by faith was the hallmark, the touchstone, of the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther was a Catholic monk in Wittenberg, Germany, and he looked for years, even as a learned teacher of the Bible, to discover peace with God. He was reading through the Bible, searching for peace and couldn’t find it. He felt God was angry with him and far away. The turning point of his life came when he made the journey to Rome. As he was crawling up the stairs of the church in Rome, with tears running down his face, saying the “Our Father” and praying to God for Him to make himself real to him, kissing each stair, while he was climbing to the top of those stairs, suddenly a text of scripture burst into his mind— “the just shall live by faith.” In that great and glorious moment Martin Luther understood that it is not by crawling, it is not by kissing, by going to church, nor by human effort, but it is only through faith in Jesus Christ that a man is made right with God.
From that came the spark that ignited the flame that became the Protestant Reformation that spread around the world. This is what we believe today, that man is justified through faith in Jesus Christ, wholly apart from the works of the law. This is the answer to the question that Job asked thousands of years ago,
“How can a man be made right with God?”
He is made right with God through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ.
1. The Definition of Justification.
We use the word justification, or more often the word justify, to speak of a man justifying himself. What we really mean is he has done something wrong and is going to offer some excuses to mitigate or somehow cause people to forget about what he has done. For us, to justify means to give excuses for behavior or misbehavior. That is not what the word justify means in the Bible. In the Bible it is a legal term, a forensic term, a term from the courtroom. In the Greek, to justify means to declare righteous.
You justify someone when you declare them not guilty and innocent and righteous in the eyes of the law. It does not mean to make righteous, it means to declare righteous. It means to look at someone who is guilty and declare that they are now not guilty; they are innocent, righteous, free to go. The record has been wiped away. If you want a technical definition, I would give it to you this way: Justification is that divine miracle whereby God declares righteous the sinner who believes in Jesus.
2. The Means of Justification. Romans 3: 24 - 28
There is no place laid out so clearly as this. "How, then, can you be justified before God?"
A. Justification is by the grace of God.
Romans 3: 24 “And all are justified freely by his grace.” Justification starts with the grace of God. It is not something that you have to work up. It is not something you do through your effort. You are not justified before God by coming to church or being baptized or giving money. Those things count for nothing at all when it comes to justification.
B. Justification is through faith.
Romans 3: 24, 25 “…through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith.”
C. Justification is on the basis of the death of Jesus Christ.
“Through faith in his blood.” Jesus died on the cross and shed his blood. He was buried and he rose from the dead so that through the effects of the blood of Jesus Christ you could be justified or declared righteous in the eyes of God.
D. Justification is wholly apart from all human effort.
Romans 3:28, “For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from observing the law.” You aren’t going to be justified by anything good that you do, no matter how good you are, and the reason is that nobody has ever been good enough to be justified. Do you know how many sins it takes to send you to hell? Only one. If you commit just one sin and then are righteous for the rest of your days, that one sin is enough to send you to hell forever. So if God is going to justify you, it has to be apart from the law, apart from coming to church, or making any human effort whatsoever.
I think the thing that keeps so many people from coming to Christ is they feel they aren’t good enough. They feel they are too lost in sin. They feel as if they are lost in sexual sin, lost in addiction to alcohol and drugs, to anger or bitterness, lost in a terrible, destructive way of life. There are people who say, “You don’t know how I have been living.” No, I don’t, but let me tell you this: our God is not in the business of justifying the good. He is in the business of justifying the bad. He doesn’t justify the righteous. He justifies the wicked, because that is the only category of people God has on earth to deal with. He justifies the wicked while they are still wicked. He justifies the sinner while he is still a sinner.
What I am saying is God never said to anybody, “Clean up your act and then I’ll save you. Get yourself in a better shape and then I’ll forgive your sins.” No, no, no! Maybe we in the church have said that. Maybe in our relationships we have unconsciously said that to lost people. Maybe we have told them they are too dirty, but if they would get their act together, we could get them together with God. But God never said that. God says, “Turn from you wicked ways, run to the cross, embrace Jesus Christ and you will be justified even while you are still in a wicked state.”
i. Justification is a divine miracle of God.It starts with God. It is not something you work up. If you are justified, it is because you have received a miracle from God.
ii. Justification is not an experience.It doesn’t matter if you feel justified or not. Justification happens to the believer at the moment you trust Jesus Christ. There is no such thing as somebody who is partly justified or half-way justified. There is no one more justified than someone else. Justification happens to every believer at the moment of salvation.
iii. Justification means your salvation is eternally securebecause it does not rest on you, but on God and his work on your behalf.
3. The Effects of Justification.
A. If you are justified, you are completely forgiven.
B. If you are justified, you have a new righteousness.
2 Corinthians 5: 21, “God has made him to be sin for us who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” Let one of my fists represent you in your sinful state. That is the state of every man and every woman. A fist, blackened with sin, raised toward God. What happens the moment the sinner comes to Jesus Christ? What happens when the sinner says, “Oh Lord Jesus, I believe you are the Son of God. I ask you to come into my life and save me?” At that very moment God justifies you. He declares you righteous. Then he takes the perfect and pure righteousness of Jesus Christ and he covers your sin so that when God looks down from heaven he doesn’t see the blackness of your sin anymore. All he sees is the purity of the righteousness of his son. Your sin is covered and it is gone forever. All that God can see when he looks at you is the righteousness of Jesus Christ.
C. You are declared not guilty and you can never be condemned.
“There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Jesus Christ.” You can never be condemned by God. You can never be condemned by Satan or anybody else, including yourself. What does Romans 8 say? “Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. Who shall condemn us? It is Jesus Christ who died, yes who rose from the dead and is now seated at the right hand of God making intercession for us.”
Can the devil condemn us? No. Can our friends condemn us? No. Can our enemies condemn us? No. Can the demons condemn us? No. Will God condemn us? No, he won’t. Will Jesus condemn us? No, he won’t. He died and rose again for us. Can we condemn ourselves? We can try, but we can’t even condemn ourselves, because through justification you have a standing that is eternally secure in the eyes of Almighty God.
God is not confused by your confusion. He is not bothered by the fact that you do not even understand this completely. God says he will not condemn you, and he won’t. That is the great implication of justification.
There was a man in England who had purchased a Rolls Royce. The man decided to take a holiday in Europe and he wanted to tour through the French countryside in his Rolls Royce. So he put the Rolls Royce on the ferry and went across the English Channel. He was going through Europe, looking at the sights, when suddenly his Rolls Royce broke down and there was nobody there who could fix it. He sent a cable back to the company in England and they flew a man over who did the repairs. He got the car running again, then left and went back to England. The man thought to himself, “This is going to cost me a ton of money.” They never sent a bill. When he finally got back to England, never having received a bill, he sent a letter to the company telling what had happened, how the mechanic had come over, and wondering what the charge would be. He got a letter back from the Rolls Royce Company, saying as follows, “Dear Sir, Thank you so much for your letter. You need to know that we have no record in our files that any Rolls Royce has ever broken down at any place, at any time, for any reason.”
Brothers and sisters, that’s what justification is all about. You may fail, you may break down and run yourself into a ditch, but God Almighty looks down at you and says, “There is no record that my child has ever broken down at all.” That’s what justification is. It is just as if you had never sinned at all. The record is wiped away and you are credited with the perfect, eternally secure righteousness of our Lord Jesus Christ.
No wonder this is a central doctrine of the Christian faith. No wonder Martin Luther said this is the cornerstone of Christianity. No wonder this was the flame that went around the world, because it is the heart of all that we believe.
The answer to Job’s question, “How can a man be made right with God?” There is an answer, and there is only one answer. You can be right with God through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ who paid it all for you.
I close with this question: Have you ever been justified through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, or are you still trying to justify yourself through religion, through baptism, through good works, through trying to do the best you can, through trying to obey the Ten Commandments?
Oh, my friend, run to the cross, lay hold of Jesus Christ, grab onto him and let him take you all the way to heaven. Turn from your self-righteousness and self-effort and grab onto Jesus. You will never regret it. Not in this life and not in the life to come. Have you ever been justified through faith in Jesus Christ who paid it all for you?
I urge you in Jesus’ name, open your heart, put your faith in him and find out the truth that in this moment, here and now, Jesus Christ will save you. He will forgive you. You will be justified both now and forever more. God will help you to do it. Amen.